- Real Estate
- Food & Drink
Feb. 25, 2019
This paid piece is sponsored by Sanford Health.
Note: Dr. David Shulkin, Sanford Health’s chief innovation officer and one of the authors, spoke recently about this subject in Chicago at the inaugural meeting of the American Hospital Association Center for Health Innovation Leadership Council.
Today, 10,000 people in the United States turned 65. Tomorrow, another 10,000 will. And that daily toll of aging will continue for the next 20 years at least.
The baby boomers are retiring. And they will continue to get older, turning 70 and 75 and 80.
The implications that will have for long-term care in the United States are enormous.
And the questions U.S. health care leaders are now asking are profound. How will we provide health care and long-term care for all of those 80-year-olds? Can we make it more efficient and cost effective than we’re doing it today? Which emerging technology can help? What will long-term care look like in 10 or 15 or 20 years?
Sanford Health’s partnership with Good Samaritan Society — one of the nation’s largest not-for-profit organizations providing senior care, with more than 200 locations across the U.S. — became effective Jan. 1. The combination of two Sioux Falls-based organizations came about in large part because their leaders were asking questions about health care and elderly health care into the future. They wanted to form an organization that could create an integrated, community-based health system that could care for people throughout their entire span of life.
The affiliation “just bolsters and strengthens that integrated health system — by basically having every service you need from when you’re born until the end of your life,” said Clint Graybill, senior executive director for post-acute care for Sanford Health.
“We’re looking at a lot of opportunities here to really do it better. Do it better than anybody.”
Here are some of the likely challenges and opportunities in long-term care in the next 10 to 20 years. And how Sanford Health, with its new partner Good Samaritan, believes it can offer some innovative solutions.
While more and more older people will get long-term care outside of traditional skilled nursing homes in future years — more on that below — some people will still need that level of care. And those locations likely will have more highly trained nursing and other staff, providing some services that only hospitals and health care facilities provide today.
“I can see the emergence of new models of care inside skilled nursing (homes),” Arnold Whitman, founder and CEO of Formation Capital, which invests in senior housing and care, told Skilled Nursing News in November 2018. “We will deliver services to a more chronically ill population with more complex care needs. The industry will need a higher clinical quality of staffing and the ability to start to look at opportunities around alternative settings for people in the full health care delivery system.”
Sanford Health’s Graybill said organization leaders already are thinking about ways to integrate its health expertise into Good Samaritan’s locations. Some elderly care sites may have specialized wings that care for people with congestive heart failure, for instance, or other chronic diseases — providing important care outside of a hospital. Meanwhile, Sanford Health can give special training to nurses in the residential locations. And its physicians and other health care providers might go to the nursing homes to check on the health of some residents.
“What can we do to bring those services to that patient instead of the patient to the services?” Graybill asked. “That is one of the big pieces that gives us an advantage.”
And elderly patients set to be discharged from a hospital will be able to transition more smoothly to the nursing homes, he said.
The Sanford Health-Good Samaritan partnership “will be working in an integrated fashion between the attending physician and their team, along with the highly trained nurses at the locations,” Graybill said. “Now, we really finally have all of the tools in the health care continuum to help manage the patient.”
Overall health reform, led by the Affordable Care Act, has begun to stress managed care and “value-based” care over the traditional fee-for-service payments that have existed for decades. That means Medicare, Medicaid and insurance payments will be based more on a patient’s overall health, rather than specific services provided. That model has begun moving into long-term care as well, and will only accelerate over the next five or 10 years.
“There’s been a real shift towards payments based on outcomes rather than on services — payments based on quality,” said Mark Parkinson, president and CEO of the American Health Care Association and National Center for Assisted Living and a former governor of Kansas. “And I think there will continue to be an acceleration of that.
“I think that in the entire health care system, there were massive inefficiencies that existed because of a lack of accountability and, basically, a payment for services and not for outcomes,” said Parkinson, who owned a group of skilled nursing facilities before becoming governor. “Nobody was really responsible for making sure that the patient was doing really well and at the cheapest price possible.”
The new model will mean long-term care locations may lose residents to other types of care, Parkinson said. But they also will likely gain residents who will no longer be in long-term acute care hospitals or in inpatient rehab facilities within hospitals, he said.
“Some of them have been in settings that were above the level of care that they needed. And we think that when it all shakes out, because of the aging of the population, that we’ll be fine,” Parkinson said. “There will be plenty of things for us to do that we’re in the right setting to do.”
Graybill said Sanford Health’s new partnership with Good Samaritan Society fits perfectly with the new model and will improve care for seniors.
Current Medicare rules on certain health conditions, for instance, pay for a stay in a skilled nursing facility only if a patient has been in a hospital for at least three nights — even if it would make more sense for the patient to be moved after one or two nights. Graybill says Sanford Health will explore managed care solutions that will provide resources for the overall health of the patient — and that will allow for a move from one of its hospitals to a skilled nursing facility when it makes the most sense for the patient’s health.
“We can move the patient fluidly through the system, based on their acuity and some of their psychosocial needs,” Graybill said, “instead of waiting for rules and red tape.”
Parkinson laments that technology hasn’t yet been able to create significant change in how we provide long-term care for the elderly.
Long-term care homes are often nicer than they were 50 years ago, but staffing levels and the duties staff perform are not that different, he said.
“We desperately need some innovators, some disruptors to come along and figure out how we can take care of people as well or better than we are right now with less people,” Parkinson said.
“And we need it for a couple of reasons. First of all, we need it because it’s the only way we’re going to be able to afford to take care of all the folks that we’re going to need to take care of in the future. And secondly, we need it because of this horrendous labor shortage that we are experiencing right now and that, if you look at the long‑term demographics, looks like we could experience for many, many years. So my short answer is I really hope that some technological innovations get developed. I don’t think it’s happened yet.”
But many are hopeful — even in technologies that exist today.
Sanford Health leaders are excited about how a new technology it developed — the Sanford Chip — might improve elderly care.
The Sanford Chip is an inexpensive genetic-screening blood test for $49 that provides insights into a person’s predisposition to hereditary cancers and cardiac disorders. It also provides information on how a person’s body processes specific medications.
Many elderly people have been prescribed a wide range of medications, Graybill said. “If you take a look at the data … the percentage of (nursing home) residents on nine or more medications is absolutely staggering.”
Those prescriptions cause side effects or can cause problems with other drugs a person is taking. “We’re treating a patient with this medication that they’re genetically predisposed to create a side effect,” Graybill said. “So now we’re treating the side effect too. So now we’re already at two medications, possibly three medications, to do that.”
The Sanford Chip blood test shows how a person’s body reacts to certain types of medications or combinations of medications. That information will be given to a person’s doctor before he or she prescribes medications, Graybill said, adding the information could mean people would require many fewer medications and feel better.
Many also see real hope for telemedicine to improve care for the elderly — especially in the type of remote, rural areas that are home to many Good Samaritan locations.
Through computer screens, cameras and technology in Sanford Health hospitals and Good Samaritan locations, doctors are able to “see” patients from hundreds of miles away and provide care and make many of the care decisions they make in one-on-one patient visits.
“We need to bring the clinic to them,” Graybill said of long-term care residents. Hospitals and physicians will be able to “do this visually, through technology that we have. The physician is at the other end of a video screen, managing the patient’s care at their bedside, in their lounge chair. It’s changing the care delivery model and bringing the care to the patient instead of the other way around.”
Those sorts of technologies also will be a major contributor to what likely will be another trend: a smaller portion of the aging population in skilled nursing homes. There still will be many people who need such advanced long-term care. But technology and other changes will allow others to remain healthier in less restrictive environments, including their own homes.
“I hope that’s the case,” Parkinson said. “Home is absolutely the best place for people to be if they can stay there safely. There’s still going to be plenty of things for … providers of long-term care facilities to do, including working with the people that are staying at home, having them in their community network of health and wellness.”
“I think that’s going to be a wonderful step,” Graybill added. “In the next 10 years, when they (baby boomers) hit that 82-, 83-years-old mark, we’re going to see increases in these type of senior services. And the old-style brick-and-mortar (facility) is probably not the answer.”
“We need some disruptors to figure out how we can take care of people.” Sanford’s chief innovation officer weighs in on how the organization’s merger with Good Samaritan might change long-term care.